①Although I was embarrassed, his words made me a lot more relaxed.
②Challenges like this might sometimes put you under pressure.
We are determined to follow the examples of our excellent schoolmates and make ourselves useful to the whole society.
②最后, 那头熊在篱笆上撕了个洞, 把头伸了进来。
At last, the bear tore a hole in the fence and put his head in.
6. There be 句型
There be 句型用来表达某处存在某人或某物, 其基本结构是“There be +主语”, 动词be的人称和数要和后面的主语保持一致。
①There are many similar cities and towns in China. 在中国有许多类似的城镇。
②Is there anything else in particular that you would like to share with us?
There are many respectable people around us.
There is a small river flowing through the farm.
1. 词汇华丽变身: 替换常用简单词
old people→the elderly/the aged/senior citizens
a few days ago→the other day
see→catch sight of
like→have a passion for/be fond of/have an affection for
cause→lead to/result in/give rise to
face→be faced with/be confronted with
bear→tolerate/put up with
deal with→cope with
make sb. realize→raise sb. ’s awareness of
decide→determine/make up one’s mind
consider→take into consideration/account
should→be supposed to
understand→make sense of/figure out
use→employ/make use of/take advantage of
apologize→make an apology
remember→keep in mind
think of→occur to/come up with
help sb. →do sb. a favor
visit→pay a visit to
stand up→rise to one’s feet
be made up of→consist of
be used to→be accustomed to
be sure to do→be bound to do
be against→object to
be bored with→be fed up with
be busy with→be occupied with/be engaged in
be famous for→have a reputation for
feel comfortable→feel at ease
make the school beautiful→beautify the school
want to do sth. →intend/desire to do sth.
look after→attend to
try one’s best to do sth. →spare no effort to do sth.
ask sb. for help→turn to sb. for help
impossible→out of the question
many→a large quantity of
be useful→be of benefit
suddenly→all of a sudden
immediately→in a flash
sometimes→occasionally/once in a while/from time to time
besides→in addition/what’s more/moreover
first→to begin with/start with
second→in addition/what’s more
in fact→as a matter of fact
on purpose→by design/deliberately
in a word→to sum up/in conclusion/in summary
because of→on account of/due to/owing to/thanks to
①On the one hand, too much praise might lead to children’s lack of enthusiasm to explore new things, for they are afraid they won’t meet parents’ expectations.
②Considering the enormous benefits, which we can earn steadily from tennis practice, including preventing us from getting shortsighted and helping us keep physically healthy, we are lost in training course.
①The special day allows people to show their love and affection for(对……表达爱和情感) their fathers.
②It’s advisable/wise(是明智的)for people to use their cell-phones more appropriately/properly(更恰当地).
③Without sufficient preparation(没有充分准备), you can hardly expect to answer all the questions correctly and obtain satisfactory marks, let alone be admitted into a desirable university(梦想的大学).
④Tracy said she had already informed Susan of(通知苏珊) the change of the appointment.
⑤People generally thought it impossible for the Chinese team to win the championship in the Rio Olympic Games, but they overcame many hurdles(克服许多障碍) and eventually worked miracles/wonders(最终创造了奇迹).
⑥Drama Night is scheduled to (预定)be held on the evening of next Friday in the theatre hall.
⑦Additionally(此外), having been awarded scholarship twice in our school, I have excellent academic performance(极好的学术成就).
⑧This phenomenon has become a concern/focus (成为焦点)we must face today because of many serious consequences (许多严重后果)caused by improper use of cell-phones.
People are concerned about the gradual disappearance of the traditional values.
→People are concerned because the traditional values are gradually disappearing.
After watching his performance, I found he could really dance very well.
→After watching his performance, I found him a really good dancer.
I wrote a letter to Tom to thank him for his being so kind.
→I wrote a letter to Tom to thank him for his kindness.
3. 善用短语: 富有变化, 引人入胜
struggle for=strive for=spare no efforts for
embark on=set about=go in for
in contemporary society=in present-day society=in this day and age
a host of=a great number of=a large amount of
what’s worse=worse still=to make matters worse
meet=run into=come across=meet with
in my opinion=as far as I’m concerned=from my point of view
besides=in addition to=apart from=as well as=along with
on one hand, on the other hand=for one thing, for another thing
think highly of=sing high praise for=think well of
take. . . into consideration=take. . . into account
有资格的; 有能力的; 胜任的
be fit for=be equal to=be qualified for=be competent in
take part in/participate in
some advice/tips/suggestions on how to. . .
feel nervous/anxious about
build up confidence/have confidence in yourself/be confident about yourself
be of great benefit=be beneficial to
do harm to/do damage to=be harmful to
gain/have access to=be accessible to
be convenient/inconvenient for sb. to do=bring convenience
/inconvenience to sb.
have an effect/influence/impact on. . . /make a difference to sb.
①For example, paper-cutting and Chinese knots are all feasible methods of introducing our culture, which are also more convenient to organize.
②The reasons why I am qualified for the job are as follows.
①From my point of view(我认为), it’s true that cell-phones bring us lots of benefits and convenience, but only when they’re used more appropriately(恰当地) can they serve us better.
②All my teachers and classmates sing high praise for my proficiency(高度赞扬我的熟练) in both Chinese and English.
③Taking all your requirements into account/consideration(考虑到你的全部要求), I firmly believe I’m the right person you’re looking for.
④As for accommodation, I prefer to live with a local family because I want to improve my English and experience authentic American culture close up(近距离体验真实的美国文化).
⑤You are optimistic about life and always have confidence, whatever difficulty you may encounter(遇见), which helps you stand out among the classmates.
⑥With the improvement of people’s living standards(随着人们生活水平的提高), cell-phones are flooding into our life.
⑦We are sorry for any inconvenience that we’ll bring to you(给您带来的不便). Thanks for your understanding.
⑧Nowadays, the smart phones have found their way to every family and are playing a very important role in our life. They are beneficial to us in many ways. However, they also do harm to us mentally and physically(有害于我们的身心健康).
⑨In addition, seldom do I have time to keep my parents company, so I decide to help my parents with some housework to release/ease/lessen/reduce their pressure(缓解他们的压力), which I think is of benefit to enhancing the relationship(加强关系) between my family members.
1. 句子形式多样化: 根据表达的需求, 可以采用多种句式, 这样既能恰当表达, 又能避免形式单一
①They were so heavy that we couldn’t lift them at first. (so. . . that. . . 句型)
②There is no doubt that it is unwise to depend completely on the ratings in consumption. (同位语从句)
① In recent years, more and more people start to protect our environment, which makes our environment more and more colorful.
→In recent years, with more and more people starting to protect our environment, our environment is becoming more and more colorful. (with复合结构)
→In recent years, there are so many people who start to protect our environment that our environment is becoming more and more colorful. (there be 句式)
②If you study hard, you will make rapid progress.
→Study hard and you will make rapid progress. (并列句)
2. 使用非谓语动词形式, 句子凝练高端
①After learning it, I’m sure I’ll have a better understanding of the differences and similarities between Chinese culture and Western culture.
②On arriving at the tea house, the foreign students were impressed by the unique tea pots and tea cups.
①She walked out of the lab and many students followed her. (非谓语动词)
→She walked out of the lab, followed by many students.
②They sang and laughed as they went back to school. (非谓语动词)
→They went back to school, singing and laughing.
3. 运用定语从句, 增加细节, 填补内容
①Material collecting took us a whole week, during which we interviewed our teachers and took pictures of every aspect of school life.
②I am eager to invite you to join our team for the upcoming event, in which you will demonstrate your ability and make acquaintance with more friends with the same interest.
①You’d better make full preparations before class and have a brief understanding of the history of Tang Dynasty, which makes it easy for you to go through the class(使你容易通过这门课).
②Besides, there will be a lot of useful and interesting activities, from which you can have a clearer picture of Chinese culture(从中你对中国文化会有更清晰的认识).
③I have found a flat for you on Fangcao Street near Jianxin Chinese school. It is on the third floor with three rooms, one of which is bedroom(其中一个是卧室), and the other two are bathroom and kitchen.
4. 巧用倒装, 增强句子的表现力
①Not only will our club’s works be displayed, but we also have a valuable set of paper-cutting created by a famous artist of this field.
②Not only did you help improve my English, but you also gave me more confidence in learning.
③Next came the moment when I asked them to have a try themselves.
①Though I’m weak, I’ll make the effort. (倒装)
→Weak as/though I am, I’ll make the effort.
②He had no sooner come back from Beijing than he was sent abroad. (倒装)
→No sooner had he come back from Beijing than he was sent abroad.
5. 恰当使用强调句, 增强说服力
①Itis you who taught me how to learn English well.
②It was on Friday that our activity began.
①He did not know what had happened until he had read the news in the newspaper. (强调句)
→It was not until he had read the news in the newspaper that he knew what had happened.
②It is working in teams instead of on my own that has freed me of trouble and made my work more efficient. (强调句)
6. 自如应用各种名词性从句, 精彩纷呈
①If you are interested in what I have stated above, sign up on our school website before September 1st.
②That’s why I think the trip along the Yangtze River will be a better choice.
①To his surprise, the little girl knows so many things. (主语从句)
→What surprises him is that the little girl knows so many things.
②I have just found that I have to attend an important meeting that afternoon(我那天下午得参加一个重要会议).
7. with or without精彩点缀, 妙不可言
①Moreover, with the stadium set up, a wide range of sports events are able to be held, of which ping-pong, football as well as running competitions enjoy great popularity.
②Without any hesitation, we began to work.
①As an old saying goes, living without a clear and achievable aim(没有清晰可达到的目标) is like sailing without a compass.
②I can’t thank you enough for your generous help, without which I couldn’t have made such great progress(没有这些帮助我不能获得这么大的进步).
8. 巧用副词, 充分表情达意
①I am exceedingly delighted to hear from you.
②I genuinely hope that you can squeeze some time for our festival and have fun with us.
①She patiently(耐心地) explained all the rules to the students and required everyone to follow them.
②We were perfectly(完全地) satisfied with the result of the experiment.
9. 变主动为被动, 凸显英语思维
①My father gave me a new book on my birthday.
→I was given a new book (by my father) on my birthday. (间接宾语作主语)
→A new book was given to me (by my father) on my birthday. (直接宾语作主语)
②And some world-famous players will be invited to give lessons.
①At most five books can be borrowed(可以被借用) at a time and they can be kept(可以保存) for ten days.
②You are allowed (被允许)about ten minutes to prepare for the work.
10. 语气委婉而中肯, 易于接受
①If you have further questions, please feel free to let me know.
②I sincerely hope you can set aside some time for the art feast.
①I wonder if you could tell me(你能否告诉我) what books I need to read and the requirements of my homework.
②What do you think of it? Are you satisfied with it? If not, please tell me as quickly as possible(请尽快告诉我).
I’m writing to ask for your help with our English short play adapted from our English textbook.
The story starts with a boy named Huckleberry Finn, who ran away from home and lived with his friend Jim, a former slave, on a raft on the Mississippi River. Then Finn was cheated by two men, with his raft stolen and Jim sold to a farm. Finn and his friend Tom Sawyer made a plan to save Jim from the farm. At last they managed to free Jim.
I wonder if you would like to give us some advice. The vocabulary and grammar of the plot need to be adjusted, and we also need your guidance on our performance. If possible, shall we meet you in your office at 10 a. m. tomorrow?
Looking forward to your early reply. Best regards!
We teenagers should do what we can to protect the environment and save the earth.
→We teenagers should do what we can to protect the environment and save the earth. For example, we can use recyclable bags instead of plastic bags, refuse to use single-use products, plant more trees and save water and energy.
I’ll spend some time staying with my parents.
→I’ll spend some time staying with my parents, chatting with them and doing some housework.
I would like to seek a pen pal who is interested in traveling just like me.
→I would like to seek a pen pal who is interested in traveling just like me. If possible, we can travel together or share traveling.
I went swimming in the river in the west of the village now and then.
→I went swimming in the river in the west of the village now and then. The water in the river was very clear. (背景渲染)
→Weather permitting, I went swimming in the river in the west of the village now and then. (相关背景)
I found some bad behavior.
→I found some bad behavior. Some people scribbled on the wall; some played soccer on the lawn and some people threw rubbish everywhere. (相关行为描述)
I’m going to do some shopping with my parents in the supermarket.
→I’m going to do some shopping with my parents in the supermarket and won’t be back until about 5: 00 in the afternoon. (增加时间)
I have taken with me the two books you asked me to return.
→I have taken with me the two books you asked me to return to the City Library. (增加地点)
I'm writing to say that the volleyball match sponsored by our school, which will initially be held this Wednesday, has been rescheduled. The match has to be put off as the local government leaders will visit our school that day together with a student delegation from Russia. I hope the change will not cause you too much inconvenience.
After a meeting of class monitors of our school, we have decided the volleyball match will be held next Friday afternoon. The match is planned to last about three hours starting from one o’clock on Friday afternoon.
If it's convenient, shall we meet at 6:30 tomorrow afternoon at the local stadium to practice for the match?
原句：After a meeting of class monitors of our school, we have decided the volleyball match will be held next Friday afternoon. The match is planned to last about three hours starting from one o’clock on Friday afternoon.
拓展句：After a meeting of class monitors of our school, we have decided the volleyball match will be held next Friday afternoon, which is planned to last about three hours starting from one o’clock on Friday afternoon.
I am Li Hua, chairman of the Students’ Union in Hongxing High School. On behalf of our school, I am writing to inform you that we are more than glad to donate to your school some books on Chinese traditional culture.
After discussion, we intend to donate approximately two hundred books, whose topics vary from Chinese ancient philosophy, Chinese traditional painting and calligraphy to Chinese classical literature. We will wrap them in a big parcel and directly post to your school. So I hope you can offer me the accurate address of your school as well as the name of the person in charge of receiving the parcel.
Looking forward to your reply at your earliest convenience.
I'm more than delighted to hear that you will study at a Chinese university as an exchange student. After learning that you are confused about how to adapt to the new environment, I'm writing to give you some tips.
Face-to-face interaction with native speakers can help you overcome language and cultural barriers. To attain a high level of fluency and accuracy in a foreign language, why not make friends with native speakers and spend time with them? It is a good way to exchange language and culture. You'd better listen to Chinese songs as well as watch Chinese movies or TV shows in your daily life to ensure that you are exposed to the language environment all the time.
All beginnings are hard. I advise you to be tolerant and considerate of others, which is necessary for group living. It might be a good idea to take part in more activities, which usually involve teamwork and communication with other students. Fight against homesickness and form a good habit of self-learning and independence, which are good for developing friendly relationships.
I do hope that my suggestions are beneficial to you. May you enjoy a wonderful college life in China and best wishes to you.
原句：Face-to-face interaction with native speakers can help you overcome language and cultural barriers.
拓展句：It is face-to-face interaction with native speakers that can help you overcome language and cultural barriers.
My parents love the saying “If at first you don't succeed, try, try again" so much that they even bought a pillow with those words on it. But I was recently in a situation where I was SO ready to give up.
It started last week when my friend Ollie and I were helping his grandmother Mary to carry boxes from her garage to her car for the homeless shelter rummage sale (义卖).
At the sight of a big old trunk (行李箱)，we asked Mary what was inside. But she told us that as she had lost the key, she had to find a master locksmith to figure it out. "Let me have a try!" said Ollie. “I bet I can open that lock in two minutes flat! Maybe there's a treasure inside, like gold or diamonds or an ancient map!"
Mary smiled. "I'll tell you what. If you two treasure hunters can open this trunk, you can have it, along with whatever is inside."
Ollie got a tool kit and we set out to open the lock. But he definitely lost that bet. Those two minutes turned into two hours, with no luck at all. We had tried every tool in the kit, but the lock wouldn't move slightly.
“It's no use." Ollie sighed. "I guess we have to give up."
“But we can't give up!" I said. "What about 'If at first you don't succeed, try, try again"?"
Ollie shook his head. "Unless you know a magical key fairy, we're never getting this unlocked."
Just then, my little brother Tex showed up. He showed great interest in the trunk. "It looks like an upside-down boat! Can I turn it over and pretend I'm sailing in the ocean?"
"Sure," Ollie replied. "It's no good for anything else."
“Ahoy!" Tex said, climbing on top after Ollie and I turned it over. “I’m the captain!” He giggled as he jumped up and down. And right then, a screw (螺丝) from a hinge (铰链) came loose and rolled to the floor.
“That’s it! I know how to open it!” said Ollie. “These are regular screws. We could remove the screws so that the hinge can be taken off from the trunk!” he exclaimed with a radiant smile. Just now, we were so focused on the lock that we didn’t try to open the trunk another way. Then we asked Tex to jump off the trunk, and turned it upright. Ollie immediately took out a screwdriver from the tool kit. In two minutes flat, he opened the trunk with my assistance. (79 words)
Oh! There were only lots of shoes in the trunk! Ollie and I were pretty disappointed at the discovery, which wasn’t diamonds or gold. Seeing our frustration, Mary patted us on the shoulder, saying, “These shoes are in such great shape that we can raise money by selling them at the rummage sale.” Our faces lit up and a sense of achievement crept over us. We found “treasure” after all! Our persistence finally paid off! If at first you don’t succeed, try, try again. (73 words)
③拍肩膀：pat sb. on the shoulder/tab sb on the shoulder
②有成就感：a sense of achievement creep over us/have a sense of achievement
Life doesn't always turn out the way we'd like. When situations take an unfriendly turn, we become angry. When others don't agree with us, or act in a manner we find disturbing, anger is a typical reaction. It seems that we feel anger gives us the momentary feeling of power. However, in fact, with the exception of a few cases, an angry reaction rarely improves the situation. It only makes the situation worse. So consider the following alternatives to anger.
One is understanding. If we view an individual whose behavior we find unacceptable, we should think each person has a right to live life according to their beliefs, dreams, needs and so on. Even if people are acting inappropriately, you should understand them. If they are struggling, lost, or in pain, you should choose to feel sorry for their suffering. If you do so, your anger will disappear.
Humor is another powerful tool for stopping anger because it can help you stay calm when things get bad. Sometimes we take life far too seriously. That is bad for us and anger is easy to happen. We need to use humor to turn any serious situation into a light one. Humor acts as a protective shelter from emotional pain.
Therefore, when others behave improperly, find it in your heart to forgive them for their unwise behavior. When life hands you the exact opposite of what you want, take no notice of it. After all, the bad situation is only temporary. So choose these alternative reactions to soften our heart and prevent anger from happening so that we can enjoy our life to the fullest.
Anger doesn't solve all the problems in our daily life. So we'd better adopt some ways to deal with it. Understanding is a good way which can weaken our anger. Moreover, as a useful method, humor changes a serious situation to a relaxing one. In a word, it is of great importance for us to know how to get rid of anger and live a happy life.