期末考必备 | 运用 “三步法” ,书面表达提升黄金法则

2022-01-18 00:01 高中英语研究中心 评论

本文将介绍如何通过简单的三个步骤快速写好一封申请信,希望考生能够举一反三,把适用于所有书信类应用文的这三个步骤运用到日常写作备考中。


第一步:构思分段,规划全文。

书信类应用文一般可以分为三段:

首段介绍写作背景和写信目的;尾段根据情景,结合常识礼仪,客套总结全文。剩余的题目要求的内容全部写在第二段。若题目的写作内容要点中没有包括写信目的和客套结尾,考生都应该自行补充。以2019年英语高考作文为例,题目写作内容已包括“写信目的”,但没有要求考生写客套结尾,不过考生依旧是要牢记分段原则。这封申请信可以这样分段:

第一段——交待写作背景,表明写信目的;

第二段——个人优势、能做的事情;

第三段——(自行增加)客套结尾,希望被录用。

合理分段,统筹全文,避免走题偏题,让评卷老师对文章的结构一目了然,给评卷老师留下良好的整体印象。


第二步:写好首尾,得心应手。

首段开门见山,概括写作背景和写信目的。在原题中提取关键词作为该信的写作背景(李华暑假在伦敦学习,当地美术馆要举办中国画展),写信目的(申请做志愿者)。该段建议学生言简意赅,避免多余无关信息,并使用复合句整合背景和目的,突显写作水平。首段可写成:

I’m Li Hua, an exchange student furthering my study in London during the summer vacation. Learning that a Chinese painting exhibition will be held in your art gallery, I’m writing to apply for a chance to work as a volunteer.

书信最后一段,一般根据情景使用一些客套性的语句,委婉地结尾。若题目给出的最后一个写作点不能作为书信的客套性结尾,学生可以结合书信开头以及礼仪文化,自行联想增加书信的结尾。本文是一封申请信,写作内容没有提出“希望被录取”等相关的客套结尾,学生应自行增加。根据常识和中国文化,结尾应该提出热切的盼望,希望自己能够被录用。可写为:

(1)I sincerely hope that my application will be taken into consideration. I promise I will spare no effort to undertake the task.

(2)I would be more than grateful if my application could be favorably considered. I am convinced that I can perfectly live up to your expectations.

书信类结尾通常可以分为三大类,提出希望和期盼(希望采纳意见、给予帮助、收到回复等),表达感谢,表达祝福等。例如,建议信的结尾通常是期待接纳意见,咨询信和求助信的结尾通常是希望得到回复和帮助,申请信和求职信的结尾通常表达“申请获批准”的愿望,感谢信的结尾可以再次表示感谢等等。

在考场作文中,文章的开头和结尾非常重要。在快速阅卷的情况下,文章的开头和结尾是评卷老师必读的部分,很有可能影响评卷老师对全文的评分,因此建议学生根据书信类常见话题,积累相关开头和结尾句型,避免语法错误,在考场上碰到类似话题时便可得心应手。

第三步,紧扣要点,完成正文。

审题、构思分段后,明确第二段正文写作内容应为“个人优势、能做的事情”,便可以着手完成全文了。写作时要紧扣题目给出的这几个关键词,并尽量用英语翻译关键词,帮助评卷老师迅速了解第二段的思路。平时备考时,针对不同话题的书信,可以积累背诵相关词组和句型,考场写作时便可以高效调动素材,组词成句。申请信常涉及个人素质、能力等表达,相关积累如下:

(1)喜欢、热爱、感兴趣:be fond of, be keen on, take / show interest in, be interested in, have a preference for;

(2)掌握、了解、擅长:have some basic knowledge of, have a wide range of knowledge of, know something about, be equipped with the skills of, master sth., have a good command of, have /show talent for;

(3)能够、胜任:sb. be equal to sth.,sb. be competent / qualified to do sth., sb. be capable of doing sth., sb. be able to do sth., sb. have the ability of(doing)sth., sth. enable sb. to do sth.

相关积累可以应用到本次作文中:

(个人优势)I have advantages over others since I am a boy with fluent English, which allows me to successfully communicate with the guests. Moreover, I am such an outgoing and patient boy that I will spare no effort to provide visitors with good service.

(能够做的事情)Without doubt, with a good mastery of Chinese art and culture, I am able to guide the guests to explore the essence of the display. My confidence and responsibility also enable me to be qualified as a volunteer who leaves visitors a good impression and helps build up a good image of the art exhibition.

英语写作的目标不仅仅是写完一篇文章,而是写好一篇文章。在考场上,通过100字左右的内容,展示自己十几年的英语学习水平,需要备考的技巧和写作的效率。日常备考时,如果没有时间写完一篇文章,可以在脑海中构思如何审题和分段,对首段和尾段进行口头作文。根据书信首段目的,联想如何结尾,熟悉了开头和结尾的写作,考前便已经储备好了全文三分之二的写作内容,考试时便可以更加从容。熟记套路,高效训练,写作时便可以胸有成足,水到渠成。

 

2022年高考英语写作指导及实战演练

近几年作文的题材以写书信为主,这就需要学生对于书信格式及语言应用有所了解。主要写作文体有邀请信、通知、节日介绍、感谢信等。

一.历年高考题

2016 邀请信(重阳节去敬老院)

2017 书信(请笔友提供摄影作品)

2018 邀请信(参观剪纸展)

2019 通知 (观看英语短片)

2020 书信(告知队友球队将参赛)

2021  My weekend     pick apples

二.写作步骤

(一)审题:题裁、关键词、时态

(二)列提纲:

开头:1、问候;2、自我介绍;3、写信背景;为什么会写这封信4、写信目的;写这封信想达到什么目的

问候:How are you doing? / How is everything going?

自我介绍:I am Li Hua, a 17-year-old boy currently studying in XXX middle school. / I am Li Hua, who...

写信背景:

I heard that ... / My teacher told me that.../I am informed that...

I learned that...我得知...

I read in your newspaper/ micro-blog /website that...

You said in your last letter that...

写信目的:

Now, I am writing to do sth.

Now, I am writing this letter to do sth.

Now, I am writing these few lines to do sth.

中间段:1、题中要求的信息点 2、灵活使用过渡词,

表示列举和顺序的过渡词:firstly, secondly, thirdly, besides, then, for one thing, for another thing, etc.   

表示时间过渡的词:now, suddenly, later, meanwhile, in the meanwhile, etc.  

表示概括总结的过渡词:in a word, in conclusion, in short, to sum up, etc.

结尾段:总结或期待

(三)检查基础错误

三、分类

(一)邀请信

邀请信包括宴会、舞会、晚餐、婚礼等各种邀请信件。要求叙事一定要清楚、明白,要写清楚三个方面的内容:

1. 邀请对方参加活动的具体内容、时间和地点。

2. 邀请对方的原因。

3. 期待对方接受邀请。

开头:

I’m writing to invite you to the lecture on Chinese handwriting.

Now, I am writing to invite you to join/enjoy/suffer/experience the... (as our guest/ judge/ instructor).

It’s my pleasure/a great honor for me to invite you to

I am pleased to invite you to attend.../It's a pleasure for me to invite you to attend...

My family and I would feel honored if you could come.

I am writing on behalf of all the students of our department to invite you to give a lecture on...

中间:描述具体的活动内容,如活动主题、意义、地点、时间、参加者和其它事项;

Here are some details for the activities. To begin with, (活动主题或活动目的,如:the theme of the contest is "human and the nature", which is undoubtedly not only entertaining but also instructive. Moreover, (活动的地点和时间,如it will be in room 501 from 2:00 to 5:00 on the afternoon of June 15th.) What's more,(活动人员,如: ten outstanding competitors will take part in the contest.Finally, (其他信息,如:if you need any further information, please call me at 44876655. There will be a ______(内容)at/in  ______(地点)on ______(时间). The occasion will start at ______(具体时间). This will be followed by a  ______(进一步的安排). At around  ______(时间), ______(另一个安排)

结尾:I will be very happy if you come. Looking forward to your early reply.

We hope that you can come and look forward to seeing you.

I’m looking forward to seeing your reply.

I would be grateful if you could accept my invitation.

We are sincerely looking forward to your coming. My schoolmates/family and I would feel much honored if you could make it.

I would like to meet you at the school gate and please drop me a line or give me a call to let me know your decision soon. Thank you. 

We look forward to seeing you. 

We would be looking forward to your participation in the party.

【写作模板】

Dear________

There will be a________(内容)at/in________(地点)on________(时间)We would be honored to have you there with us.

The occasion will start at________________(具体时间)This will be followed by a________(进一步的安排)At around________________(时间)we will have ________________________(另一个安排)

I really hope you can make it. RSVP before_________________________(通知你的最后期限)

Yours sincerely
Li Hua

 

高考真题赏析

一.(2017)书面表达(满分25分)

假定你是李华,想邀请邀请外教Henry一起参观中国剪纸(paper-cutting)艺术展。请给他写封邮件,内容包括:

1.展览时间、地点;

2.展览内容。

注意:

1.词数100左右;

2.可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。

【写作提示】

1.本文为提纲式作文,体裁为书信。人称以第一人称和第三人称为主,以一般现在时和一般将来时为主体时态。

2.文章要点:

1)展览时间、地点;

2)展览内容:中国传统剪纸艺术的历史和作品。

第一段:简单自我介绍;说明写信原因;展览时间、地点

a.自我介绍(IamLiHua.)b.写信目的的(I'm writing to invite you...)c.展览时间、地点(will take place...)

第二段:介绍展览内容

展览内容(many charming works, outstanding artists, a short lecture...)

第三段:因为感兴趣,所以值得去;约定见面时间、地点

a.感兴趣,所以值得去(you are interest-ed in...)

b.约定见面时间、地点(Let's meet at...)

【优秀范文】

Dear Henry,

       I am Li Hua. I'm writing to invite you to pay a visit to the Chinese paper-cutting art exhibition, which will take place at nine o'clock this Saturday morning in the museum of our city.

       On the exhibition, not only will there be many charming works, such as human beings, animals, plants and flowers, but also some out-standing artists who will teach you the basic skills of paper-cutting. What's more, there will be a short lecture where you can learn the beginning, development and achievements on Chinese paper-cutting.

       I know you are interested in Chinese traditional culture, therefore, it's really worthwhile to go. Let's meet at 8:30 at our school gate, shall we?

       Looking forward to your reply.


假定你是李华,计划和同学去敬老院(nursing home)陪老人们过重阳节(the Double Ninth Festival)。请给外教露西写封邮件,邀她一同前往,内容包括:

   1.出发及返回时间;

   2.活动:包饺子、表演节目等。

注意:

1.词数100左右;

2.可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯;

3.结语已为你写好。

【写作提示】

1.本文为应用文电子邮件的写作,属于提纲类作文。在写作时应使用第一人称,时态主要为一般现在时和一般将来时。

2.内容要点:(1)出发及返回时间;(2)在敬老院的活动:包饺子、表演节目等。

3.首先,交代清楚写信目的。

 其次,给出当天的活动安排

 最后,告知出发及结束时间并征求对方意见。

【精彩语句】

We'll also spend some fun time together singing, dancing and playing games, which we hope will make them happy.

spend...(in)doing sth. 意为花费………做某事which引导非限制性定语从句,指代前面的整个主句。

【优秀范文】

Dear Lucy,

    I’d like to invite you to join us for a visit to the nearby home next Saturday for the Double Ninth Festival. It is the day for the elderly in our culture. We’ll go and make dumplings and cakes with the elderly people there. We’ll also spend some fun time together singing, dancing and playing games, which we hope will make them happy. We should be back around 4 o’clock in the afternoon. If you are able to come with us, please let us know and we’ll wait for you at the school gate at 9 in the morning.

Looking forward to your reply.

Yours,
Li Hua

(二)通知

书写时应注意以下三个方面:

1.通知对方参加活动的具体准确的时间和地点;

2.与该活动有关的注意事项;

3.提醒对方准时到场。

开头

In order to improve the students’ spoken Chinese and encourage them to read more Chinese classics, a Chinese Classics Reciting will be held in the school lecture hall.

Now, I am writing to tell you about the details.

Ladies and gentlemen/Boys and girlsmay I have your attentionplease

Excuse meeveryoneI'd like to tell you that...

I have an announcement to make.

 

结尾Everyone is welcome to participate in it.

That's all. Thank you./Thank you for listening.

常用短语及句型

give a talk 做演讲

give a concert 开音乐会

hold a meeting/class/celebration 举办会议/开展一堂课/举行庆祝活动

attend a meeting/sports meet/lecture 参加会议/运动会/讲座

have a class/a meeting/discussion上课/开会/讨论

show sb. around /visit a place 带领某人参观某地

meet at the gate of ……的大门处见面

go to a concert/the movies/the theatre/the cinema 去听音乐会/看电影

There is going to be a talk on... 有一个关于……的演讲。

The meeting will be held in.../A lecture will be given at...会议/演讲将会在……举行。

We are going to hold a discussion over... 我们将会就……进行讨论。

All the members are expected to attend it. 所有的成员都要出席。

You are required to take notes during the lecture. 讲座期间,请做笔记。

Please be there on time./Please attend it on time. 请准时出席。

【写作模板】

1.口头通知

Boys and girls/Ladies and gentlemen/Friends(称呼)

May I have your attentionpleaseI have an announcement to make.

________________(事件)will be held____________________(地点、时间)The__________________(内容)All the teachers and students are required________________________(要求)

That's all. Thank you.

2.书面通知

Date(通知发布日期)

In order to________________(目的)________(事件)will be held__________ ______(具体地点、时间)The________________________(事件大体内容)Those who________________________(要求)

All are welcome to come.

The School Students' Union(发布通知者)

高考真题赏析
(2018)书面表达(满分25分)
你受学生会委托为校宣传栏"英语天地"写一则通知,请大家观看一部英语短片Growing Together,内容包括:
1. 短片内容:学校的发展;
2. 放映时间、地点;
3. 欢迎对短片提出意见。
注意:
1. 词数100左右;
2. 可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。
【写作提示】
本文为提纲式作文,属于应用文中的书面通知。可采用三段三步写作法写作。
第一步审题立意,布局谋篇:审题确定主题、体裁、主要人称和主体时态。主题:在学校宣传栏“英语天地”发布邀请大家观看短片的书面通知;体裁:书面通知;人称和时态:以第一、二人称为主要人称,以一般现在时或一般将来时为主体时态。
第二步确定、提炼和理顺要点,顺势承上启下,巧妙转折过渡,即注意段落之间、句子之间的衔接与过渡。结合要点文章可分三段来写。
第一段:介绍短片内容 — 学校的发展;
第二段:说明放映的时间和地点;
第三段:表达愿望——希望大家对短片提意见。
第三步紧扣主题,遣词造句:紧扣主题组词成句,做到语言得体、准确无误,避免重复;遣词造句时,注意高级词汇、短语或句式的使用。
【精彩语句】
1.on behalf of代表take part in参加;参与feedback n.反馈at one's convenience在某人方便的时候
2. It is a great honor to be on behalf of our school to inform you that we'll invite you to see an English short film named Growing Together, which is about the development of our school.(that引平宾活从句:which引导非限制性定语从句)
【优秀范文】

Notice 1

Dear schoolmates,

      It is a great honor to be on behalf of our school to inform you that

we'll invite you to see an English short film named Growing Together. which is about the development of our school.

      We have arranged that the short film will be on show from 16:00 to 17:00 at our school theater tomorrow. Don't miss the chance of taking part in this collective activity.

       I do hope you can give us some valuable suggestions about the short film. Please give your feedback in time and contact us at your convenience.


(2019)书面表达 (满分25分)

假定你是校排球队队长李华。请写封邮件告知你的队友Chris球队近期将参加比赛, 内容包括:

1. 比赛信息;

2. 赛前准备;

3. 表达期待。

注意:

1. 词数100左右;

2. 可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。

[写作提示]

1.本文是应用文。主要内容是告知队友比赛信息。2.文章的主体时态是一般现在时和一般将来时。人称以第一人称为主。

3.文章可以分为三段。第一段是比赛信息:第二段是赛前准备:第三段表达期待。

【精彩语句】

1.in order to为了appreciate v.感激 keep in mind记住

2.①It will fall at 2 pm in our gymnasium, where about 1,000 students from the two schools will come to watch.(where引导非限制性定语从

②So we plan to practice together in the gym this Wednesday and Thursday, lasting from 4pm to6pm.(本句使用了现在分词短语作伴随状语)

【优秀范文】

1.Dear Chris,

        I am very pleased to inform you that we will have a friendly match with the volleyball team of Guangming Middle School next Monday. It will fall at 2 pm in our gymnasium, where about 1,000 students from the two schools will come to watch.

       In order to provide the students with a fantastic match, we need to have enough training. So we plan to practice together in the gym this Wednesday and Thursday, lasting from 4 pm to 6 pm. I would appreciate it much if you could participate in it on time.

       This is a friendly game, so we should keep in mind the principle of friendship first. Of course, we are looking forward to winning the game. I am sure we can realize it with our effort together.

2.Dear Chris,

     I’m writing to let you know that we will have a volleyball match next month. The match will take place in our school gym on the morning of July 8th. We will play against a team from Lingnan High School. For good performance in the match, we must get fully prepared and practice hard. So starting tomorrow, we all need to train for two hours after school every day. In addition, we should avoid getting hurt during the training and have a healthy diet to keep fit.

        You’re an excellent player. With you on the team, we have every hope of beating Lingnan. Let’s try hard together!


(三)求职信

求职信是写信人就某一职位向收信人提出请求的信件。求职信的语言属于正式用语,要用词简洁准确,语气礼貌自信,所给信息要具有可信度。通常包括三部分内容:

1. 要阐述清楚招聘信息的来源与所申请的职位。

2. 简述个人信息。

3. 强调自己的能力并请求给予面试机会。

I wish to apply for a position of which you advertised in today's newspaper. 我想申请你们今天报纸上刊登的广告中的一个职位。

I have learned from a friend that... 我从一个朋友那得知……

I shall be glad to provide you with any further information concerning my education and personal experience. 我很乐意提供关于我的教育及个人经验方面的更多信息。

My name is...I graduated from...university in...majoring in...我的名字是……。我毕业于……大学,专业是……

I am confident my professional knowledge has prepared me to handle the job. 我相信我的专业知识能让我胜任这份工作。

I am skilled in/good at... 我擅长……

I had good performance in every courseespecially in... 我每门课成绩都很好,特别是……

I trust that I am capable of doing the work well. 我相信我能干好这份工作。

I believe that I am well qualified for the position as... 我相信我定能胜任作为……的工作。

【写作模板】

Dear Sir or Madam

I write this letter to apply for the position that you have advertised in_______________________(报纸名称)of________________________(广告发布时间)

Not only do I have the qualifications for this jobbut I also have the right personality for a______________(工作名称)On one hand_______________________(第一个原因)On the other hand________________________(另一个原因)

Should you grant me a personal interviewI would be most grateful. If you need to know more about meplease feel free to contact me at any time at_____________ ___________(电话号码)

Thank you for considering my applicationand I am looking forward to meeting you.

Yours sincerely
Li Hua

【优秀范文】

优秀范文:

    假定你是李华,你看到某跨国旅游公司在中山市当地招聘暑期工的广告,你想利用高考结束到大学入学前这段时间去打工。于是你写一封求职信申请该职位,要点如下:

1. 年龄:18

2. 毕业学校:中山市一中

3. 电子邮箱:lihua1998@126.com

4. 相关工作经验。

注意:1. 词数100左右。2. 可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。3. 开头语和结束语已为你写好

Dear Manager,

    I have learned from your advertisement that you are in need of a tour guide. I have the intention of finding a part-time job in your company during this summer vacation.

     I’m Li Hua, a boy aged 18 and I have just graduated from Zhongshan No. 1 Middle School. Therefore, I can speak fluent English as well as standard Chinese.

    Besides, I once worked as a tour guide for a month and was highly praised for my good service and have rich experience. Young and energetic, I’m keen on traveling. Grown up in this city, I’m familiar with many beautiful places in Zhongshan. Thus, I’m convinced that I’m qualified for the job.

    Once hired, I would be very grateful and I would devote myself to the post. Please email me at:lihua1998@126.com.

    Look forward to your reply.

Yours sincerely,
Li Hua

(四) 建议信

建议信是向别人提出合理的建议,让对方接受自己的想法、主张,解决有关问题。建议信不是投诉信,观点要合情合理,注意礼貌当先。同时,建议信要简洁明确、理由充足,具有合理性和说服力。通常包括:

1. 说明写信目的。

2. 提出建议与改进措施并给予忠告。

3. 表达希望采纳建议并期盼回复。

I am writing to express my views concerning... 我写此信来表达我关于……的观点。

You have asked me for my advice about...,and I will try to make some conducive suggestions. 对于你来信问我关于……的事,现提供几条有益的建议。

I think it will be a good idea/more beneficial if you could... 我认为……是个好办法/有利的。

It's important to.../It helps to...It should be a good idea to... 很重要/有帮助/是个好主意。

I am writing to put up some suggestions concerning... 我提出几条有关于……的建议。

Please take good consideration of my advice. Thanks. 请仔细考虑我的建议,谢谢。

I hope you will find these proposals/suggestions/recommendations helpful/useful. 希望这些建议对你有帮助。

【写作模板】

Dear________,

You have asked me for my advice with regard to________________,and I will try to make some conducive suggestions here.

In my humble(谦虚的)opinion,you would be wise to take the following actions:________________(建议的内容).I hope you will find these proposals useful,and I would be ready to discuss this matter with you to further details.

Good luck with your________________(祝愿).

Yours sincerely,

Li Hua

【优秀范文】:

 假定你是李华,最近你们班从英国转来了一名新生Jenny。这是她第一次远离家乡,她很想念父母及家人,有时候思念至深,常常独自一个人深夜哭泣。对此,请你给Jenny写一封建议信,要点如下:

1. 鼓励Jenny坚定求学信念,志存高远,四海为家。

2. 就Jenny的目前状况,提两到三个建议。

注意:1. 词数100左右。2. 可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。3. 开头语和结束语已为你写好。

Dear Jenny,

    I am so glad to have a talk with you. I understand your present situation for I have had a similar experience before.

    People often miss their parents the first time they leave home. Most people do have to leave home for higher education or employment. I think you should realize that present separation will help with your academic development and your improvement of personal ability. Try to make friends on your school campus, and share ideas with your classmates who are physically closest to you now. Maybe you will still miss your parents, but your new friends will bring happiness and joy to your new life. Also I suggest you take an active part in different kinds of activities in school. You will get much pleasure from it.

    Wish you happy every day.

                                                      Yours faithfully,

                                                       Li Hua

 

(五)感谢信:

感谢信是指在日常学习和生活中,当收到馈赠、邀请、赴宴、照顾、慰问、祝贺时,给对方道谢的信件。感谢信应写得真诚、具体、及时。通常包括以下内容:感谢的原因→对方给予的帮助或礼物→对方的作用和对自己的意义→给出细节→再次致谢。

书写时应注意以下二个方面:

开头与结尾都要表达感谢

写清感谢原因

开头:Now, I am writing to show/ express my heartfelt gratitude to you.

中间段:Every time I (看照片、看录像、看那段时间的日记、回忆那段经历), I just can't help thinking of you/ what you have done for me. It was so kind of you to (对方做的第一件事). Besides, you (对方做的第二件事), which really surprised me. Actually, I shall always remember (对方做的第三件事), considering that,(第三件事情的意义). Nothing will be able to erase our wonderful memories, and I will cherish them forever.

 

结尾: I, on behalf of my whole family/class/school, would like to thank you again (for what you have done) (for me/us). May you be blessed (in everything you do).

【写作模板】

Dear________,

I am writing to extend my sincere gratitude for_________________________ _______(感谢的原因).If it had not been for your assistance in___________________ _____________(对方给你的具体帮助),I fear that I would have been_____________ ___________________(没有对方帮助会产生的后果).

Everyone agrees that it was you who________________________________(给出细节).

Again,I would like to express my warm thanks to you!Please accept my gratitude.

Yours sincerely,

Li Hua

【优秀范文】:

假定你是李华,现在是华南师范大学(South China Normal University)大一新生你高三时在王老师的帮助下,英语进步很大,为表示感谢,给王老师写一封感谢信。要点如下:

1. 梦想成真,考上理想大学。

2. 因为王老师的辅导和鼓励,英语由差变好。

3. 对老师表示祝福。

注意:1. 词数100左右。2. 可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。3. 开头语和结束语已为你写好。

Dear Mr. Wang,

    I am writing to express my thanks for helping me improve my English. Without your help, I would not be a student of South China Normal University. I still remember the days when you taught me English in Grade 3 of senior school. My English was once poor, but you were very patient with me and tried to tutor me after class. My English was greatly improved because of your encouragement. Without your help, I wouldn’t have realized my dream. I wish more and more of your students could go to their ideal colleges. Wish you have a healthy body and lead a happy life!

     Again, I sincerely thank you for your help!

                                                             Yours,

                                                             Li Hua

(六)道歉信

道歉信是指因过失或疏忽等做错了事,给别人带来了麻烦或损失,发觉后给对方赔礼道歉并请求对方原谅的信件。通常包括以下三部分内容:

1. 开门见山,表明写信目的,表示歉意。

2. 说明出现差错的原因,提出弥补措施。

3. 再次致歉,请求原谅,希望得到理解(语言要诚挚,解释的理由要真实)。

I would like to express my apology for... 对于……,我想要表达我的歉意。

Please accept my sincerest and deepest apology for... 请接受我最真诚的致歉……

I'm terribly sorry to tell you that.../I regret to inform you that... 很抱歉地告诉你……

I write to you to express my deep regret. 我写此信向你表示深深的懊悔。

I am writing to apologize to you for... 我写信向你致歉,因为……

I wish I could be given a chance to make up for my inconsideration. 我希望你能给我一个机会来弥补我的考虑不周。

【写作模板】

Dear________,

I am truly sorry that______________________________________________ ______________(道歉的原因).The reason is that___________________________________(介绍原因).Once again,I am sorry for any inconvenience I've caused. Hope you can accept my apologies and understand my situation.

Yours sincerely     

Li Hua

【优秀范文】

假定你是李华,你的美国老师Mr. Evans要求你们明天下午去听一个英国历史的讲座。你因故不能参加。请你写一封信向Mr. Evans道歉并说明情况。要点如下:

1. 表示歉意。

2. 理由:父亲去北京出差,母亲生病住院需要人照顾。

3. 询问:是否有录音,以便补听讲座。

注意:1. 词数100左右。2. 可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。3. 开头语和结束语已为你写好。

Dear Mr. Evans,

    I am indeed sorry to tell you that I won’t be able to attend the lecture on English history tomorrow afternoon. My mother suddenly fell ill and was taken to hospital last night and my father is on a business trip to Beijing now. I am afraid that I will have to take care of her these days.

    However, I am actually very interested in English society and history. I wonder if it is possible for the talk to be recorded, and if so, could I borrow the tape? It would mean a great deal to me to listen to the tape and learn what is covered in the talk.

    Please allow me to say sorry again. I sincerely hope that you will be able to understand my situation and accept my apology.

                                                       Yours sincerely,

                                                       Li Hua

    

 

 

实战演练(一)

假定你是李华,你的一位美国朋友Jane在中国学习中文两年,即将回国。现在由你给她发E-mail,邀请她参加为她举办的欢送会,要点如下:

(1)祝贺她顺利通过考试,她的学习进步很大,为她骄傲;

(2)感谢她帮助你们学习英语;

(3)时间:本周六晚六点;

(4)地点:阳光俱乐部(The Sun Club)302房间;

(5)路线:在你所住宾馆门口乘坐332路公共汽车可直达。

注意:

(1)须包括以上主要内容,可以适当增加细节,使内容连贯;

(2)词数:100左右。开头和结尾已给出,不计入总词数。

(3)参考词汇:欢送会 farewell party

Dear Jane,

Congratulations on your passing all the exams.                                    


  Yours sincerely,

                                                       Li Hua


  实战演练(二) 

假如你叫李伟,代表二年级邀请本市一所大学的外籍教师怀特夫人参加你们年级于下星期五晚上7:00在学校报告厅举行的英语晚会,请根据以下内容写一封邀请函。

⑴ 请她出席晚会,担任晚会评委并表演一个节目。

⑵ 晚会节目有唱歌,跳舞,话剧,时装表演等等。

⑶ 本市有名的歌星,演员也应邀参加。

⑷ 希望她那天晚上过得愉快。

注意:⑴ 不可遗漏要点  ⑵ 词数80-120

参考词汇:评委:judge        时装表演:fashion show

Dear Mrs. White,

                                                                               

                                                                                

Yours faithfully,
Li Wei
实战演练(三)

假定你是李华,你校摄影俱乐部(photography club)将举办国际中学摄影展。请给你的英国朋友Peter写封信。请他提供作品。信的内容包括:

1.主题:环境保护;

2.展览时间;

3.投稿邮箱:.

  注意:

1.词数100左右;

2可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。


参考范文:()

Dear Jane,

 

Congratulations on your passing all the exams. I am delighted you have really made great progress in your two years of studying in China. All you have gained is the result of your hard work. We are proud of you and we all appreciate your help with our English, and we’ll always remember the wonderful time we spent together.  

It’s a pity that you have to go back soon! So a farewell party for you will be held in Room 302 in the Sun Club this Saturday evening. Could you come by 6:00 p.m.? We’ll have dinner together. By the way, you may take Bus No. 332 in front of your hotel and it will take you directly to the club.

I wish you success and fulfillment in the years ahead!


Yours faithfully,
Li Hua


参考范文:()

Dear Mrs. White,

We are from senior Grade Two of Huanggang Middle School and glad to invite you to our school English evening, which will be held in our school lecture hall at 7:00 p.m. next Friday. We will be thankful if you could come and act as the judge of our English evening. We hope you will give a performance for us. The programmes of the evening are singing, dancing, plays, a fashion show and so on. Some famous singers, actors and actresses of our city will be invited to our English evening too. We are sure you will have a good time with us that night.           


参考范文(三)

Dear Peter,

Our school photography club is going to hold an International High School Student Photography Show. The theme of the show is environmental protection. It will start from June 15 and last for three

weeks. Any student who is interested is welcome to participate. I know you take good pictures and you’ve always wanted to do something for environmental protection. I remember you show me some photos on that theme the last time you visited our school. This is surely a good change

for more people to see them. If you want to join, you can send your photos to .

Hope to hear from you soon.

                                                    Yours,

                                                    Li Hua


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